The SCOPE Framework

The SCOPE Framework is a recently developed framework to research open education by Virginia Clinton-Lisell, Jasmine Roberts-Crews, and Lindsey Gwozdz. SCOPE stands for:

  • Social justice
  • Cost
  • Outcomes
  • Perceptions
  • Engagement

The SCOPE framework will be presented at Open Education Global on October 18th, 2023. Below is a table with the SCOPE concepts, definitions, and examples:

Concept Definition Examples of Areas of Inquiry
Social justice A corrective and liberatory practice that acknowledges the history of systems of oppression along with its modern day legacies. This is explicitly addressed through the equitable distribution of resources, opportunities, and attainment of full social, political, economic, and human rights for all.

●      Inequities of open education infrastructure and funding across institutions and regions globally

●      Liberatory OERs and OEPs

●      Centering  perspectives that have been marginalized by social and political systems as well as institutions

Cost Losses assumed to be either due to or avoided by open education.

●      Financial expenses and savings

●      Course withdrawal rates

●      Emotional cost

●      Time

●      Cognitive load

●      Social and political costs

Outcomes Presumed effects due to open education.

●      Grades

●      Course enrollment intensity

●      K-12 achievement

●      Teaching practices

●      Faculty retention, promotion, and tenure

Perceptions Impressions and opinions of open education.

●      Quality measures by students and faculty

●      Evaluations of faculty who use open education


Engagement Fully participating and being actively involved in open education

●      Learning analytics

●      Emotions that relate to learning

●      Learning strategies